We were thirty-three women with Leadership Women – International, visiting the Bo-Kaap (Afrikaans for “Above the Cape”) area of Cape Town, South Africa.
We gazed up the steep cobblestone street to the magnificent terraced houses that lined each side. Painted in radiant colors such as cerulean blue, magenta, lemon yellow, lime green, aqua, peach, and lavender, they were a stunning sight that invoked a sense of joy and happiness.
Our guide handed out colorful bandanas. We needed these to cover our heads before entering Auwal Mosque, first and oldest mosque in South Africa.
Why different color bandanas? Just for fun? No! The bandanas served dual purposes. After visiting the historic Mosque, we would separate and enter a home corresponding to the color of our bandana, where we would prepare traditional Cape Malay foods for dinner!
We would spend the next two hours in her home where she inspires visitors with traditional cooking techniques. She explained some of the history of the Bo-Kaap area as she led us down the hallway to her kitchen. The picturesque houses passed from one generation to the next for many years and eventually together, became an historical monument.
"And the steep hills?" Gamidah said with a laugh, "I have walked these hills since I was a child!"
Gamidah’s warm and benevolent humor made cooking seem effortless as she took us through the stages of rolling the dough for the round flat roti bread; folding thin triangles of pastry for samosas, making the dough for chili bites (recipe below), and preparing other delicacies.
Gamidah explained that turmeric especially enhances the color of foods and it’s important to get the right combination of spices for the unique piquant flavor of each dish. The recipes for these dishes can be somewhat complicated for a novice but with Gamidah’s guidance, it seemed like no time before we were sitting down at the table to enjoy a tangy and delicious meal.
After dinner, as dusk gave way to darkness, we went outside to the terrace. Gamidah bid us farewell as she left for the Call to Prayer (Athaan). As she left The Athaan, coming from the minaret above, filled the air with a touching sound, a fitting departure after such a lovely experience.
Soon we heard lively jazz music coming from up the street at the top of the hill. We could see musicians in colorful sequined suits parading down the street. They were dancing and playing jazz music with a range of instruments including trumpets, trombones, banjos, guitars, and various percussions.
The musicians were part of the Kaapse Klopse—minstrel troupes—who celebrate Tweede Nuwe Jaar (Second New Year), an annual celebration that begins on the eve of the New Year, 1 January. As the minstrel troupe passed each house, members of our group left the terraces and joined them for a thrilling "taste" of celebration! Imagine the fervor on 1 January when 13,000 minstrels take to the streets of Cape Town!
Spices are an essential ingredient in Malay recipes and their origin is interwoven with the story of the people who for centuries achieved the savory benefits of their flavors.
The Dutch East India Company flourished for two hundred years (1602 - 1800), along the routes in Europe and Asia that traded spices, silk, porcelain, metals, livestock, tea, grain, rice, soybeans, and sugarcane.
The successful trade of these goods went hand and hand with colonialism and slavery. The Dutch East India Company colonialized the area of Cape Town, which was mid-point of the maritime trade route from East to West. They brought slaves, political exiles, and prisoners from India, Indonesia, Malaysia and other parts of Africa.
In 1763, a Dutch owner built huurhuisjes (rental houses) for his slaves, the Malay, in the area of present-day Bo-Kaap.
Other liberated people came to the area after emancipation in 1834, and there were many with skills in various crafts and trades. The people of India brought the Muslim faith and eventually built the mosques.
The descendants of this historical multicultural infusion of people became known as “Cape Malays” (Cape Muslims). The Malay Quarter, associated with colonialism, was officially renamed Bo-Kaap in 2016, a name more associated with the people of the Islam faith.
PHOTO courtesy of www.nightjartravel.com/cultural/auwul-mosque
Many of the prisoners that the Dutch East India Company brought to Cape Town were important people who resisted colonialism.
One example is Tuan Guru (Imam Kadi Abdus Salaam), from the Island of Tidore, who arrived in 1780 and was incarcerated on Robben Island, the same island where Nelson Mandela would later be imprisoned for 18 of the 27 years that he was incarcerated. Tuan Guru traces his lineage to the Sultan of Morocco and the holy prophet Muhammed. He was said to the qadi (magistrate or judge) and a prince. Tuan Guru was a hafiz al-Qur’an (guardian or memorizer, usually someone who has memorized the entire Qur’an).
While imprisoned, he wrote several copies of the holy Qur’an from memory. Upon his release he married a free woman and went about his main concern of agitating the authorities for a madrasah (religious school) and eventually conducted the school in a warehouse where many of the people of the area converted to Islam.
Later in 1795, the British granted permission for a masjid (Arabic for mosque) and Saartjie van de Kaap, owner of the warehouse, donated it to Tuan Guru who converted it to the Auwal Mosque.
The Call to Prayer is announced by a man, the muezzin, from the minaret or tower of the Mosque.
The lively culture of the Cape Towners took the heritage "to the streets" where they prefer to celebrate with instruments they carry, such as brass, percussion, banjo, and guitar.
The minstrel troupe survives as one of the longest running cultural traditions in South Africa. For the complete history visit South African History Online (SAHO),
The vivid colors of the homes obscure their oppressive origin, a time when their color was restricted to white and their inhabitants were slaves. The colors signal individual freedom and expression and point to the cooperative spirit of the people who selected the most visually striking but compatible color combinations.
Because of its beauty, affluent people from other parts of Africa and Europe are moving in, sometimes for just a summer residence, as they persuade long-time residents to sell. See more of this trend and the consequences in The New York Times as reported by the CapeTown Journal: “Muslim Enclave Forged in Apartheid Now Faces Gentrification.”
Leadership Women is a nonprofit organization headquartered in Dallas, Texas. As noted on its website, it is “the longest running women’s organization in the United States and exists to provide programs that advance and improve the personal, economic, and professional status of women.”You can find out more about Leadership Women at https://leadership-women.org.
Vegetable oil for deep frying
250 ml (1 cup) self-rising flour
250 ml (1 cup) chickpea flour
10 ml (2 tsp) baking powder
10 ml (2 tsp) turmeric
10 ml (2 tsp) masala
1 onion, chopped finely
5 leaves of spinach, chopped
5 ml (1 tsp) salt
Mix the dry ingredients in a bowl. Add onions and spinach and mix together well. Add 200 ml to 250 ml water and form a dough and add the onions and spinach mixture. Mix the dough until the texture is easy to drop.
Fill a pot halfway with oil and heat so it’s medium-hot but not boiling. Dip a spoon in oil and scoop up enough dough to make one golf-ball size dhaltjie.
Drop the dhaltjie into the oil and fry until cooked in the center (use a skewer stick check the center of the dhaltjie for doneness). Drain dhaltjies on paper towel.
Brigadier General Marie Goff (US Army Retired) completed over thirty-seven years of military service in the United States Army and the South Carolina National Guard. She held various positions in the areas of logistics and human resources before being selected as the Assistant Adjutant General in 2010 and later as the Director of Joint Staff, where she served until her retirement in April 2015.
She was instrumental in developing and shaping the South Carolina National Guard to meet both its Federal and State missions, with significant strategic changes that occurred after 9/11. In her career she has won many honors and awards, including the Legion of Merit.
Marie holds a Master of Arts in Computer & Information Management from Webster University and a Master of Strategic Studies from the United States Army War College.
She is married to Colonel (Retired) Eddie Goff and makes her home in Columbia, SC.
Visit Marie’s blog at
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